What is “White Collar Crime”?
The phrase “white collar crime” was first used in 1939 during a revolutionary speech given by Edwin Sutherland to the American Sociological Society. Sutherland defined the term as “crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation.” White collar crime usually refers to a type of crime committed by business people, entrepreneurs, public officials, and professionals through deception, and is normally committed in a commercial setting for financial gain, such as embezzling money from an employer. White collar crime refers to the white collar of the shirt worn by those that generally are accused of committing these types of crimes.
What law governs white collar crime?
White collar crime is governed by both federal and state law. The Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution gives the federal government the authority to regulate white collar crime at the federal level. The federal agencies that typically investigate these crimes are the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), the Secret Service, the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI), U.S. Customs, and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Utah has also enacted laws criminalizing “White Collar Crime”, and these laws lay out strict penalties for these offenses.
Do I need to hire an Attorney?
If you have been charged with a white-collar crime, you need to immediately seek out a Salt Lake City White Collar Crime Attorney. Counsel from an experienced white collar crime attorney will help you preserve your rights and protect your future. What most people don’t know is that a defense lawyer should be immediately consulted before any meeting with law enforcement, no matter how innocuous and innocent it may seem to be. Don’t talk to the police with the thought that they are on your side – because they are not. Anything you say can and will be used against you.
Many people don’t realize they are the target of a criminal investigation until charges are filed, which is why a Utah defense attorney should be involved as soon as you suspect that you may be involved in an investigation, even as a witness. Due to the complex nature of a white-collar prosecution, your potential exposure may not be clear in the early part of the investigation. A lot of white-collar defendants have had their cases damaged by what they said or did before they were the suspect.